As any fule kno, the word Utopia was invented by Sir Thomas More in his book of the same name, published in 1516.
A fruteful and pleasaunt Worke of the beste state of a publyque weale, and of the newe yle called Utopia; written in Latine by Syr Thomas More knyght.
More’s imaginary land is depicted as enjoying a perfect social, legal, and political system. Later generations have extended the meaning of the word to cover any ideally perfect country or situation.
Etymologically, More built his word from the Greek οὐ ū ‘not’ plus τόπ(ος) tóp(os) ‘place’ (as in topic, isotope).
Theoretically it ought to be pronounced with uː-. But in practice it is pronounced juː-, exactly as if it were the prefix eu ‘good’, Greek εὐ. According to the OED, More himself made a pun upon this.
Vtopia priscis dicta ob infrequentiam, Nunc ciuitatis æmula Platonicæ..Eutopia merito sum vocanda nomine.
Be that as it may, it is as utopia that we know this word.
Words with eu- can have regular antonyms with dys-, from the Greek δυσ- ‘bad’. Thus we have eupeptic - dyspeptic and euphoria - dysphoria. Hence we get the relatively modern coinage dystopia, an imaginary place or condition in which everything is as bad as possible, which the OED dates to John Stuart Mill in 1868.
If the prefixes u- and eu- were not pronounced identically, we would not have had the irregular pair utopia - dystopia.
TESTS OF SYMBOLS AND LAYOUT
ɪf ˈɔːl ðə ˈwɜːld wə ˈpeɪpər
ən ˈɔːl ðə ˈsiː wər ˈɪŋk
ən ˈɔːl ðə ˈtriːz wə ˈbred n ˈtʃiːz
wɒt ˈʃʊd wi ˈhæv tə ˈdrɪŋk
IPA diacritics n̩ n̥ l̩ l̥ m̩ m̥ (very poorly aligned)
Μῆνιν ἄειδε, θεά, Πηληιάδεω Ἀχιλῆος
οὐλομένην, ἣ μυρί’ Ἀχαιοῖς ἄλγε’ ἔθηκε
Kanji 出口 入口
Arabic عيدالفطر ‘īdu l-fiṭr
Table (doesn't work)
This is column one. This is column two.
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line two line two
laɪn θriː laɪn θriː